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Acronyms A-Z

ASNW: Ancient-Semi Natural Woodland

BAG: Nottinghamshire Biodiversity Action Group

BAP: Biodiversity Action Plan

BTCV: British Trust for Conservation Volunteers

BW: British Waterways

CAMS: Catchment Action Management Plans

CLA: Country Land and Business Association

Defra: Department for Environment, Food and Rural Affairs

Defra (RDS): Department for Environment, Food and Rural Affairs (Rural Development Service)

EA: Environment Agency

EBS: England Biodiversity Strategy

EC: European Commission

EFS: England Forestry Strategy

ELS: Entry Level Stewardship

EMBP: East Midlands Biodiversity Partnership

EMDA: East Midlands Development Agency

EMRA: East Midlands Regional Assembly

EMBF: East Midlands Biodiversity Forum

EP: English Partnership

EU: European Union

EWGS: England Woodland Grant Scheme

FC: Forestry Commission

FE: Forest Enterprise

FWAG: Farming and Wildlife Advisory Group

GIS: Geographical Information System

GOEM: Government Office for the East Midlands

HAP: Habitat Action Plan

HLS: Higher Level Stewardship

IRS: Integrated Regional Strategy

JNCC: Joint Nature Conservation Committee. The UK Government's wildlife adviser, undertaking national and international conservation work on behalf of the three country nature conservation agencies: English Nature, Scottish Natural Heritage and the Countryside Council for Wales.

LA: Local Authority

LGA: Local Government Association

LBAP: Local Biodiversity Action Plan

LDF: Local Development Framework Plans

LNR: Local Nature Reserve

LRC: Local Records Centre

LSC: Learning and Skills Council

NBGRC: Nottinghamshire Biological and Geological Records Centre

NCC: Nottinghamshire County Council

NE: Natural England

NT: National Trust

NFU: National Farmers Union

NGO: Non-governmental Organisation

NNR: National Nature Reserve

NWT: Nottinghamshire Wildlife Trust

PSA: Public Service Agreement

RuBOP: Rushcliffe Barn Owl Project

REnS: Regional Environment Strategy

RFF: Regional Forestry Framework

RPG: Regional Planning Guidance

RSPB: Royal Society for the Protection of Birds

SAC: Special Area of Conservation

SAP: Species Action Plan

SFT: Sherwood Forest Trust

SFI: Sherwood Forest Initiative

SPA: Special Protection Area

SPG: Supplementary Planning Guidance

SSSI: Site of Special Scientific Interest

STW: Severn Trent Water

SUDS: Sustainable Urban Drainage System

TPO: Tree Preservation Order. An order made by a local planning authority (LPA) in respect of trees or woodlands. The principal effect of a TPO is to prohibit the: cutting down, uprooting, topping, lopping, wilful damage, or wilful destruction of trees without the LPA’s consent. The cutting of roots, although not expressly covered above, is potentially damaging, and so, in the Secretary of State’s view, requires the LPA’s consent. The law on TPOs is in Part VIII of the Town and Country Planning Act 1990 and in the Town and Country Planning (Trees) Regulations 1999, which came into force on 2 August 1999.

TRT: Trent Rivers Trust

UDF: Urban Design Framework

UKBAP: United Kingdom Biodiversity Action Plan

VCO: Voluntary Conservation Organisations

WFD: Water Framework Directive

WLMP: Water Level Management Plans

WT: Wildlife Trust

WoT: Woodland Trust

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Glossary of terms

Agri-environment schemes: government programmes that help farmers to use methods that benefit the environment. The main scheme operated by DEFRA, the Department for Environment, Farming and Rural Affairs is the new Environmental Stewardship Scheme which comprises of three strands, the Entry Level Scheme (ELS), the Organic Entry Level Scheme (OELS) and the Higher Level Scheme (HLS).

Biodiversity: short for biological diversity, biodiversity is a term used to define the great diversity of life on earth.

Coleoptera: beetles.

Coppice: traditional form of woodland management in which trees are cut near to ground level, stimulating vigorous re-growth. Coppiced woodlands are typically cut in blocks on rotation. Coppicing allows sunlight to reach the woodland floor, promoting the growth of woodland flora. Rotational coppicing results in blocks of woodland at different stages of re-growth, thus increasing the diversity of the woodland.

Echo-location: detection of objects by means of reflected sound. Used for orientation and detecting and locating prey by bats, cetacea (whales and dolphins) and other animals.

Epiphytic: term applied to a plant that grows on another (such as on a tree) and obtains nutrients from decaying leaves and other debris and moisture from the air. These plants do not obtain nutrients directly from the host plant as do parasites and saprophytes.

Eutrophication: nutrient enrichment (typically by nitrates and phosphates) of aquatic ecosystems. Increased photosynthetic activity (the metabolic process characteristic of green plants in which carbon dioxide is broken down, using energy from sunlight absorbed by the green pigment chlorophyll) typically occurs as a result, followed by reduced levels of oxygen as plants die off and are decomposed by aerobic organisms. The reduced levels of oxygen then has negative impacts on the fauna found on the ecosystem.

Genotype: the genetic constitution of an organism.

Herpetofauna: collective term for reptiles and amphibians

Parr: juvenile freshwater stage of salmon life-cycle. Parr typically remain in rivers for up to 2 years before becoming smolt and migrating to the sea.

Saproxylic: associated with dead wood habitats.

Smolt: sub-adult stage in life-cycle of salmon-like fish, in which the individuals become silvery in colour and migrate downstream to the sea, where they spend their adult life.

Succession: progressive sequence of changes in vegetation types and animal life within a community that, if allowed to continue, result in the formation of a ‘climax community’ (the last stage in a succession in which the vegetation reaches equilibrium with the environment).

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Biodiversity is the variety of life | Copyright © 2006 Nottinghamshire Biodiversity Action Group